Beijing Escort Agency: Beijing facts and figures

1、Beijing Facts

Beijing in general

Beijing, the capital of the People's Republic of China, is the center of the nation's politics, culture and international exchanges and a moden metropolis full of vitality. The world's earliest record of Beijing came from the travel notes by Marco Polo, the young Italian traveler in the 13th century. His description of people's civilized and well to do life in Beijing and his admiration for the beauty of the city has for hundreds of years attracted the reverie of numerous people about this ancient capital of civilization in the East.



Beijing History

Some 600,000 years ago, Peking Man, man's forefathers lived at Zhoukoudian, 48 kilometers southwest of Beijing. The history of Beijing as a city may be traced back to about 3000 years ago when a small town appeared on the present site of southwestern Beijing. It was named Ji and then changed to Yan. At the beginning of the 10th century, it was the second capital of the Liao Dynasty. From then on, the city had been the capital of the Jin, Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties until 1911. A long history has left numerous famous historical sites which possess great aesthetic and cultural valleys. The Great Wall, a huge project began more than 2000 years ago, meanders through mountains and valleys for hundreds of kilometers in the region of Beijing. On the Shijing Mountains, there are more than 340 volumes of 15000 stone tablets carved with Buddhist scriptures. The Big Yongle Bell cast at one go with over 23000 characters on it weighs 46.5 tons and shows exquisite casting technology of ancient China. The Forbidden City, the largest ancient architectural complex extant today, is splendid crystallization of ancient Chinese architectural art. Walking in the city, one may find many places where many historical events took place, every day, hundreds of thousands of people, domestic and foreign, come to Beijing to visit its grand palaces and graceful gardens and to enjoy its marvelous art.

Beijing Location

Beijing is situated at 40 degrees north latitude and 116 degrees of longitudes. It is 43 meters above sea level and 183 kilometers from the sea. Beijing covers an area of 16,800 square kilometers, 38% of it is flat land and 62% mountains.

Beijing Climate & Weather

Beijing has a continental climate. Annual rainfall averages nearly 700 millimeters, most of it comes in July and August. Winter is dry and has little snow. The frost -free period is 185 days. the best time to visit Beijing is May, September and October, when people enjoy bright sunny day.



Beijing Population & Administration

Beijing has a population of 13.82 million in the year of 2000, about 5 million live in the city proper and the rest on the outskirts. It is divided into 16 districts and 2 counties.

Below are the 6 districts in or close to the Beijing city proper:

Dongcheng District

Xicheng District

Chaoyang District

Haidian District

Fengtai District

Shijingshan District

Below are the 8 districts on the outskirts of Beijing:

Tongzhou District

Shunyi District

Changping District

Daxing District

Pinggu District

Huairou District

Mentougou District

Fangshan District

Below are the two counties:

Miyun County

Yanqing County

The two counties are located in the suburb of Beijing.

Beijing Economic Development

Through more than 50 years of construction, Beijing has changed from a consumer-city to a major city with various industries. Beijing ranks second among the top 50 cities in China in terms of comprehensive power, and is the first among the 40 best cities in China in terms of investment enviroment. With China's reform and opening up, Beijing is improving urban construction on an unprecedented scale. Its speed of development is astonishing and it brings about changes day by day. Around this graceful ancient capital, a large number of key national projects, massive infrastructure buildings and moden residential houses have sprung up. Wasteland and low, dilapidated houses are gradually disappearing, replaced by newly-built residential quarters of different styles and surrounded by greenbelts. Wide and smooth highways, magnificent overpasses and expressways link Beijing with its neighboring provinces and cities. And eye-catching green trees and gardens have made Beijing resemble a huge scroll of painting pleasing to both the eye and the mind.

Beijing Education & Health

There are nearly 100 institutions of higher learning such as the famous Beijing University, Qinghua University, over 1000 middle schools and 4500 primary schools in Beijing, with total enrollment of over 2 million. Much attention is being paid to special schools with total about 600 now. more than 500 scientific research Institutions, over 300 publishing houses, as well as hundreds of newspapers and periodicals. In medical and health care, the city has more than 500 hospitals, about 65600 sick beds, with around 121000 medical workers.


Arrival Beijing by air

Beijing Capital International Airport (PEK) lies to the northeast of the city of Beijing, 30 km from the city cneter. Beijing Capital Airport has two terminals.Terminal 2 is for international flights as well as some domestic flights. After arriving, you have some convenient services like ATMs,money changers and also you can enjoy coffee and KFC. You can use cabs to get to the city center. Few drivers can speak English! So bring the Chinese name of the hotel in which you are going to stay and let your driver know where you are going. It takes about 100 - 150 from the airport to the city center by taxi. You have to pay RMB 10 toll for the airport expressway. There are still some aiport shuttle buses outside the airport for your taking.The cost of the bus is RMB16. There are also some shuttle buses sent by either by youth hostels or luxury hotels.


Beijing Rail Stations & Train Tour

There are 4 rail stations in Beijing, namely, Beijing Railway Station, Beijing West Railway Station, Beijing North Railway Station and Beijing South Railway station. Beijing Railway Station is located in the center of Beijing, just south of Beijing International Hotel. Most of the trains from southern China come to this old station - Beijing Railway Station (北京站). Just remind you that the trains to Chengde and Tianjin also start in this station. Beijing West Railway Station(北京西站) is the largest railway station in Beijing and China as well. Most of the trains in north China arrive or start from this station. The train from Beijing to Xian starts from this West Station. Beijing South Railway Station & Beijing north Railway Station are both for some special trains or short trains.

Beijing Long-distance bus travel

There are about 10 national expressways and national roads to link Beijing.You can take the bus to Tianjin, Datong, Xian, Pingyao and Shanghai ect. Some long-distance buses with bunk beds in rows. It is a real experience in getting the knowledge how the people of low class travel. Of course,there some luxury buses.

Beijing Shopping


1)Silk Street:

It lies on No.8 East Xiushui Street Jianguo Men Wai Dajie. No more street shopping! It was reopened in March 2005 as a 5-story shopping mall mainly for foreign visitors and expats in Beijing.

2)Sanlitun Yashou Market:

Situated at 58 Gongti Beilu, this is just like Silk Street.

3)Zhong Guan Cun:

Zhongguancun,a place not far from Tsinghua University and other universities is called "Silicon Valley in China." It sells everything from a whole computers to computer parts at good low price.

4)Xizhi Men shopping area:

The large clothing market where local people like to go lies at Xizhi Men, close to the Zoo.

5)The Malls at Oriental Plaza:

Located east of Tian'anmen Square, just beside Wangfujing Street. Expensive Shopping area with good quality products.

6)Wangfujing Street:

Many shops and stores.

7)Xidan Shopping area:

Located on the west of Tiananmen square. Some large malls.

8)China World Trade Center:

You can find a lot of expensive stores and some international convenience stores.


Beijing Antiques Buy

Panjiayuan Antiques Market:

It also called the "dirt market" or the "weekend market". It is the Beijing's flea market of this kind. It opens on Sunday and Saturday. It lies close to Pan Jia Yuan bridge, on the eastern southern third ring road.

Liulichang Antique Street:

The street is full of antique stores which sell Chinese paintings, handicrafts, also sell used books and other matters.

Gu Wan Cheng ( Curio City ):

Just next to Pan Jia Yuan. it's a 4-storey building hold various Chinese antiques, with reasonable prices.

Hong Qiao Free Market:

This is just east of the eastgate of Temple of Heaven. The top two floors of this market are full of fresh water pearl, jewelry, and this may be the most ideal place in beijing for this kind of market.


Beijing Pubs or bars

Sanlitun Bar street:

Located in the embassy area north-east of Beijing. There is much nightlife around the Sanlitun Embassy district. Sanlitun Street has many bars of various styles with live music and imported beers. There are many foreign visitors going there.

Hou Hai Cafe & Bar:

Located 20 South Houhai, Xicheng District Houhai is Beijing's newly developed traditional area. It has big and small bars and pubs with unique character. With the bright of the lights over the lake Hohai has the imprssive and unreal image. Many of cafes and restaurants are privately owned and have their own unique feature and good service.

Wudaokou Bar Area:

Wu Dao Kou is right outside the East Gate of Tsinghua, Haidian District.There are many universities and research institutes there, which include Peking University,Beijing Language and Culture University, and Tsinghua University. There is a large student population. Wudaokou is noted for its publicity as a student living place,especially the international students. It has many bars and nightclubs which, in most cases offer low prices than more central bar areas.


Beijing Sightseeing

There are numerous tourist senic sites in Beijing. Among them, there are five major must-see scenic spots in Beijing, namely, Forbidden City, Temple of Heaven, Summer Palace, Ming Tomb and Great Wall. Forbidden City and Temple of Heaven are walkable if you stay at a downtown hotel. Summer Palace is located on the north-east edge of the city. You may take a taxi or the public bus to go there. Badaling Great Wall and Ming Tomb are on the same route on the north suburb of Beijing. You may take a tourist public bus, or take a taxi, or join in a seat-in coach by a local travel agent with English speaking service. To travel the five major senic spots, you need two days. If you only have one day in Beijing, we suggest you tour Forbidden City, Tiananmen Square and Badaling Great Wall - the highlight of Beijing. If you and your family are going to have a easy travel in Beijing, then you have much more to look at and it's no problem for you to stay a week and even more time enjoying and exploring in Beijing.

Tian'anmen Square, located in the city center, is a symbol of both Beijing and China. The solemn flag-raising ceremony has become a sacred daily celebration. Standing in the world's largest city square and looking far east and west up and down the Chang'an Avenue, one can see a centuries-old architectural complex standing side by side with newly-built modern-style buildings, torrent of bicycles flooding by and awareness that Beijing is a mix of modem and ancient.

Welcome to Beijing!



2、Beijing ClimateBeijing's climate is defined as "continental monsoon." Beijing has distinctive four seasons.

In spring time, Beijing is a bit dusty and windy. Spring is short here and excursions are a popular form of tourism.

Summer is hot, but the hot weather is short-lived, plus, rainfall is plentiful.

Autumn, lasting about 50 days, is the best season for tourism and the temperature is mild and the sun is out a lot.

Winter is long and cold, but the ice lantern shows an skiing still attract many tourists.

Most of the city's tourist attractions are historical sites or folklore tour that are not affected by the change of season. Therefore. Tourists can come to Beijing all year round. Weather forecasts are available on major media and through the telephone service.

Spring lasts 65 days from April 01 to June 04;

Summer lasts 95 days from June 05 to Spetember 07;

Autumn lasts 45 days from September 08 to October 22;

and Winter lasts 160 days from October 23 to March 31 of the following year.

Beijing is dry and windy in spring; hot and rainy in summer; pretty and transient in autumn and cold and clear in winter.

Clothing for traveling:

Autumn finds jeans and a sweater enough for you. In the warmer months of summer, T-shirts and light pants or shorts are the best choice. In winter, it is a good idea to dress in layers: long underwear and jeans, shirt, sweater and down jacket. If you want to travel to the outskirts of Beijing in the cold monthes, you can buy a thick cotton army coat and a fur hat. Rain gear is necessary if you travel during the summer months.

Keeping from Peak Holidays: It is wise to avoid traveling in China during Chinese holidays when it is the time local Chinese are touring around. The most crowded seasons in China are Chinese Spring Festival ( usually in late Jan or early Feb.), International Labor Day ( May 01 to 07 ) and National Day ( Oct 01-07 ). Spring Festival is the most crowded time for travelling.




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